Read Chapter 3, Conducting a Goal Analysis, from Dick, Carey, and Carey
Now that you have a description of your learning need and have formulated an appropriate,
feasible, and clearly stated instructional goal your ID Project, it is time to begin conducting the
Instructional Analysis. The Instructional Analysis focuses on the performance environment and
what occurs when one who knows how to perform the goal (e.g., an expert) does so. The
performance environment is a future real-world place where the learners could use the
knowledge and skills gained from the instructional module you will design. Since we want our
learners to gain the skills of an expert, we must analyze what an expert does when he performs
the goal. This will helps us determine what our learners need to learn. However, you are not
analyzing your instruction, therefore the label "Instructional Analysis" can be confusing.
The Instructional Analysis involves two steps – the goal analysis and the subordinate skills analysis. The lesson discusses the goal analysis. The next lesson will discuss the subordinate skills analysis.
The Goal Analysis involves an examination of the steps taken by an expert when he is
performing the actions stated in the goal. We have to remember that we are looking at the steps
taken in the performance environment. We are not looking at what we want our learners to do in
the learning environment. That will be addressed later.
The goal analysis involves three steps. First, classify the goal as a type of learning outcome. Second, analyze the goal for the steps and sub-steps involved in performing the goal. Third, diagram the steps and sub-steps involved in the process of reaching the goal.
- state or write the formula for the Pythagorean Theorem?
- explain what the formula means?
- use the formula correctly when told to do so?
- know when to use it, without being told?
- know how to interpret the results?
The last step in the process of the goal analysis is to diagram the steps and sub-steps identified as
part of the process of performing the goal. This is done as a flowchart. A flowchart is a visual
representation of the process you or your expert takes to perform the actions stated in the goal. It
indicates the progress from step to step as well as from sub-step to sub-step.
In this course, certain diagramming conventions are used to create this flowchart. This first flowchart simply indicates the actions that must be taken to reach the goal. If you are reading ahead in this course, please note that the flowchart required in the next lesson is somewhat different than this one. This is intentional. The next one includes additional information, and therefore requires a different layout. There will be more on that in the next lesson.
The elements of the goal analysis flowchart are:
At this point you should have a goal statement that addresses a relevant need. As you learned in
this lesson, the next step in the instructional design process is to classify that goal into one of the
learning domains, and then break that goal down into relevant steps and sub-steps. In this activity
you will begin to develop the next section of your Instructional Design project – the Goal
Your assignment should be produced using Microsoft Word. The title of this assignment is "Goal Analysis". Beneath that, enter your name, email address, and the date. Save your assignment using the filename "gaol_analysis". After you have saved your file, go to the student interface and submit your assignment for grading. Click here if you need additional information regarding submission of your assignment.